What is The Art of Fugue?

The Art of Fugue (or The Art of the Fugue; German: Die Kunst der Fuge), BWV 1080, is an incomplete musical work of unspecified instrumentation by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750). Written in the last decade of his life, The Art of Fugue is the culmination of Bach’s experimentation with monothematic instrumental works.

A fugue usually has three main sections: an exposition, a development and a final entry that contains the return of the subject in the fugue’s tonic key. Some fugues have a recapitulation.

Likewise, what is The Well Tempered Clavier? The WellTempered Clavier, BWV 846–893, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, composed for solo keyboard by Johann Sebastian Bach. The modern German spelling for the collection is Das wohltemperierte Klavier (WTK; German pronunciation: [das ˌvoːlˌt?mp?ˈ?iː??t? klaˈviː??]).

Secondly, what is contrapunctus?

coun·ter·point Melodic material that is added above or below an existing melody. b. The technique of combining two or more melodic lines in such a way that they establish a harmonic relationship while retaining their linear individuality. c. A composition or piece that incorporates or consists of contrapuntal writing.

What is the first statement of a fugue called?

If it happens during the first section (exposition) then it is called a codetta. Because a fugue is a piece which puts several lines of melody together it is a form of contrapuntal music. A fugue usually has three sections: the first section is called the “exposition”.

What is a Countersubject in a fugue?

The countersubject usually contrasts with the subject/answer phrase shape. In a fugue, a countersubject is “the continuation of counterpoint in the voice that began with the subject”, occurring against the answer (Benward and Saker 2009, 2:50).

What is the main theme of a fugue called?

The main theme of a fugue is called the: Subject.

What is an episode in fugue?

An episode is a connecting passage of music in a fugue and is usually made up of a development of the music that has already been heard in the Exposition. Here is the 1st episode of my fugue example which comes directly after the exposition: Fugue Example Episode.

What is a double fugue?

Music Term: Double fugue D. Double fugue. Double fugue. Properly, a fugue which has two separate subjects that are both treated fugally; a proper double fugue should consist of two different themes, introduced separately, which eventually are combined so the second theme forms a countersubject.

What is a prelude and fugue?

In classical music, the combination of prelude and fugue is one with a long history. Many composers have written works of this kind. A number of composers wrote sets of pieces covering all 24 major and/or minor keys.

What is Bach short for?

Bach was thought to be originally short for bachelor pad, but actually they often tended to be a family holiday home. An alternative theory for the origin of the word is that bach is the Welsh word for small and little.

Are fugues polyphonic?

A fugue is a special type of polyphonic texture. Fugues always begin with a tune that is played on a solo instrument/sung by a solo voice or produced by instruments/voices in unison. This tune is then played by all the other instruments or voices in turn, but not necessarily at the same pitch.

What was Bach’s last piece?

The Art of Fugue

Why did Bach write the Well Tempered Clavier?

In equal temperament, the lack of purity is spread equally among all keys. To celebrate this new manner of tuning, Bach wrote twenty-four preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key. He named this work The Well Tempered Clavier. The corresponding fugue delves freely into these now-known areas.

What was Bach’s primary instrument?